No-shebang sh

Writing shell scripts for the POSIX shell, sh (also commonly referred to as the Bourne shell), without a #! is easy as can be. As I discussed previously, any file not identified as an executable is required to be passed to sh already, so a conforming POSIX system will just work.

This also conveniently side-steps a problem that can arise by hardcoding a path, such as /bin/sh, into scripts. Some people are under the misconception that POSIX requires /bin/sh to exist. It does not. What POSIX does require is that a utility named sh can be started via one of the exec() functions in the default PATH (which can be retrieved by using _CS_PATH as an argument to confstr()). POSIX doesn't require it to be in /bin, or even for /bin to exist. So, bottom line, leave the #! out of your POSIX sh scripts completely. It's unnecessary. Observe:

$ cat
printf 'hello, sh\n'
$ sh ./
hello, sh
$ chmod +x
$ ./
hello, sh
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